Dry needling is most effective in soft tissue alternative treatment when manual therapy is impossible due to excessive pain and tenderness.
Currently, dry needling is considered to be the best method in the fight against pain - after just a few treatments, the patient may feel reduced pain, and even it may completely disappear. Before inserting the needle, the physical therapist carries out thorough palpation to locate tight bands with increased sensitivity to pressure.
Once the right trigger point is located, the therapist inserts a sterile needle, usually 150-300 micrometres thick and 15-50/100 mm long. The insertion of the needle induces a trembling reaction, triggering an impulse that goes through the spinal cord to the muscle fibres of the tense band. This impulse triggers an unconditional reflex - a local muscle contraction that reduces tension and leads to relaxation, and ultimately to pain reduction.
Dry needling is also used in the treatment of diseases such as, for example, tennis or golfer's elbow, runner's knee (iliotibial band syndrome, Achilles tendon pain, post-traumatic scars.
Dry needling is a procedure that is generally painless and safe, provided that it is performed by a qualified specialist.
Physiotherapist, thanks to the knowledge of three-plane topographical anatomy, can direct the needle into the right spot. The needle passes through the skin without being felt, but a puncture into a muscle trigger point causes muscle irritation, which makes the patient feel uncomfortable. During the procedure, at the puncture site, you can feel tingling, pricking, a feeling of tissue spreading, and after the procedure, a small hematoma may appear.